Ks-band detection of thermal emission and color constraints to corot-1b: A low-albedo planet with inefficient atmospheric energy redistribution and a temperature inversion

Justin C. Rogers, Dniel Apai, Mercedes López-Morales, David K. Sing, Adam S. Burrows

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the detection in Ks-band of the secondary eclipse of the hot Jupiter CoRoT-1b from time series photometry with the ARC 3.5 m telescope at Apache Point Observatory. The eclipse shows a depth of 0.336 0.042% and is centered at phase 0.5022+0.0023 -0.0027, consistent with a zero eccentricity orbit (e cos ω = 0.0035+0.0036 -0.0042). We perform the first optical to near-infrared multi-band photometric analysis of an exoplanet's atmosphere and constrain the reflected and thermal emissions by combining our result with the recent 0.6, 0.71, and 2.09 μm secondary eclipse detections by Snellen etal., Gillon etal., and Alonso etal. Comparing the multi-wavelength detections to state-of-the-art radiative-convective chemical-equilibrium atmosphere models, we find the near-infrared fluxes difficult to reproduce. The closest blackbody-based and physical models provide the following atmosphere parameters: a temperature T = 2460+80 -160 K; a very low Bond albedo AB = 0.000+0.081 -0.000; and an energy redistribution parameter Pn = 0.1, indicating a small but nonzero amount of heat transfer from the day to nightside. The best physical model suggests a thermal inversion layer with an extra optical absorber of opacity κe = 0.05cm2g-1, placed near the 0.1 bar atmospheric pressure level. This inversion layer is located 10 times deeper in the atmosphere than the absorbers used in models to fit mid-infrared Spitzer detections of other irradiated hot Jupiters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1707-1716
Number of pages10
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume707
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Binaries: eclipsing
  • Planetary systems
  • Stars: individual (CoRoT-1)
  • Techniques: photometric

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