Experiments on quantum point contacts have highlighted an anomalous conductance plateau around [Formula presented], with features suggestive of the Kondo effect. Here, an Anderson model for transport through a point contact analyzed in the Kondo limit. Hybridization to the band increases abruptly with energy but decreases with valence, so that the background conductance and the Kondo temperature [Formula presented] are dominated by different valence transitions. This accounts for the high residual conductance above [Formula presented]. The model explains the observed gate-voltage, temperature, magnetic field, and bias-voltage dependences. A spin-polarized current is predicted even for low magnetic fields.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)