TY - JOUR

T1 - Kondo Lattice Model of Magic-Angle Twisted-Bilayer Graphene

T2 - Hund's Rule, Local-Moment Fluctuations, and Low-Energy Effective Theory

AU - Hu, Haoyu

AU - Bernevig, B. Andrei

AU - Tsvelik, Alexei M.

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 American Physical Society.

PY - 2023/7/14

Y1 - 2023/7/14

N2 - We apply a generalized Schrieffer-Wolff transformation to the extended Anderson-like topological heavy fermion (THF) model for the magic-angle (θ=1.05°) twisted bilayer graphene (MATBLG) [Phys. Rev. Lett. 129, 047601 (2022)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.129.047601], to obtain its Kondo lattice limit. In this limit localized f electrons on a triangular lattice interact with topological conduction c electrons. By solving the exact limit of the THF model, we show that the integer fillings ν=0,±1,±2 are controlled by the heavy f electrons, while ν=±3 is at the border of a phase transition between two f-electron fillings. For ν=0,±1,±2, we then calculate the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) interactions between the f moments in the full model and analytically prove the SU(4) Hund's rule for the ground state which maintains that two f electrons fill the same valley-spin flavor. Our (ferromagnetic interactions in the) spin model dramatically differ from the usual Heisenberg antiferromagnetic interactions expected at strong coupling. We show the ground state in some limits can be found exactly by employing a positive semidefinite "bond-operators"method. We then compute the excitation spectrum of the f moments in the ordered ground state, prove the stability of the ground state favored by RKKY interactions, and discuss the properties of the Goldstone modes, the (reason for the accidental) degeneracy of (some of) the excitation modes, and the physics of their phase stiffness. We develop a low-energy effective theory for the f moments and obtain analytic expressions for the dispersion of the collective modes. We discuss the relevance of our results to the spin-entropy experiments in TBG.

AB - We apply a generalized Schrieffer-Wolff transformation to the extended Anderson-like topological heavy fermion (THF) model for the magic-angle (θ=1.05°) twisted bilayer graphene (MATBLG) [Phys. Rev. Lett. 129, 047601 (2022)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.129.047601], to obtain its Kondo lattice limit. In this limit localized f electrons on a triangular lattice interact with topological conduction c electrons. By solving the exact limit of the THF model, we show that the integer fillings ν=0,±1,±2 are controlled by the heavy f electrons, while ν=±3 is at the border of a phase transition between two f-electron fillings. For ν=0,±1,±2, we then calculate the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) interactions between the f moments in the full model and analytically prove the SU(4) Hund's rule for the ground state which maintains that two f electrons fill the same valley-spin flavor. Our (ferromagnetic interactions in the) spin model dramatically differ from the usual Heisenberg antiferromagnetic interactions expected at strong coupling. We show the ground state in some limits can be found exactly by employing a positive semidefinite "bond-operators"method. We then compute the excitation spectrum of the f moments in the ordered ground state, prove the stability of the ground state favored by RKKY interactions, and discuss the properties of the Goldstone modes, the (reason for the accidental) degeneracy of (some of) the excitation modes, and the physics of their phase stiffness. We develop a low-energy effective theory for the f moments and obtain analytic expressions for the dispersion of the collective modes. We discuss the relevance of our results to the spin-entropy experiments in TBG.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.131.026502

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.131.026502

M3 - Article

C2 - 37505959

AN - SCOPUS:85164913258

SN - 0031-9007

VL - 131

JO - Physical review letters

JF - Physical review letters

IS - 2

M1 - 026502

ER -