Kinetics and extinction of non-premixed cool and warm flames of dimethyl ether at elevated pressure

Ziyu Wang, Chao Yan, Ying Lin, Mengni Zhou, Bo Jiang, Ning Liu, Hongtao Zhong, Yiguang Ju

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The growing demand of clean and efficient propulsion and energy systems has sparked an interest in understanding low-temperature combustion at high pressure. Cool flame transition and extinction limits as well as oxygen concentration dependence at elevated pressures provide insights of the low-temperature and high-pressure fuel reactivity. A new experimental high-pressure counterflow burner platform was designed and developed to achieve the studies of high-pressure cool flames. Dimethyl ether (DME) was chosen to study its non-premixed cool flame in high-pressure counterflow burner at pressure up to 5 atm, perhaps for the first time. This paper investigates the effects of pressure on cool flame structure, extinction and transition limits, and oxygen concentration dependence as well as ozone assisted warm flames of DME in experiments and numerical simulations. The results show that the reignition transition from cool flame to hot flame occurs either with the decrease of the strain rate at a given fuel concentration and pressure or with the increase of fuel mole fraction or pressure at a given strain rate. Furthermore, it is shown that the higher pressure shifts the cool flame to higher strain rates and results in higher cool flame extinction strain rates. However, the existing kinetic model of DME fails in predicting the cool flame extinction limit at elevated pressures. Besides, the cool flame extinction limits are proportional to nth power of the oxygen concentration, [O2]n, and the increase of pressure leads to stronger extinction limit dependence (larger n) on oxygen concentration. The present experiment and detailed kinetic analysis show clearly that increasing pressure promotes the low-temperature chemistry including the oxygen addition reactions. In addition, stable warm flame was first experimentally observed by using DME at elevated pressure with ozone sensitization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1871-1879
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


  • Cool flame
  • Dimethyl ether
  • Elevated pressure
  • Extinction limit
  • Warm flame


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