Kinetic enhancement of microchannel detonation transition by ozone addition to acetylene mixtures

Juan Sepulveda, Aric Rousso, Henry Ha, Timothy Chen, Vivian Cheng, Wenjun Kong, Yiguang Ju

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The kinetic acceleration of deflagration-to-detonation transition (DDT) of acetylene/oxygen mixtures at lean conditions in a 1 mm2 microchannel is investigated using ozone addition. Equivalence ratios and ozone concentration are varied to understand the thermal and kinetic impacts, respectively, on DDT transition. The addition of ozone is found to drastically reduce the DDT time and onset distance via kinetic enhancement. The results show that, with a small amount of ozone addition, the DDT time is reduced by up to 77.5%; whereas it only slightly increases the Chapman–Jouguet velocities by 6.7%. Moreover, the addition of 1% ozone extends the DDT limit from equivalence ratios of 0.3 to 0.2. Furthermore, it is observed that ozone addition has a much larger effect on DDT time than the increase of the equivalence ratio. The present results suggest that, for accelerating DDT, the kinetic effect via ozone addition is much greater than the thermal effect. By using the ozone dissociation chemistry with an acetylene kinetic model (HP-Mech), the kinetic effect of ozone on DDT acceleration is examined. The present finding provides new insight into controlling engine knocking and detonation transition in detonation engines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIAA Scitech 2019 Forum
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
ISBN (Print)9781624105784
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
EventAIAA Scitech Forum, 2019 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Jan 7 2019Jan 11 2019

Publication series

NameAIAA Scitech 2019 Forum


ConferenceAIAA Scitech Forum, 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering


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