Kinetic-ballooning-bifurcation in tokamak pedestals across shaping and aspect-ratio

J. F. Parisi, A. O. Nelson, R. Gaur, S. M. Kaye, F. I. Parra, J. W. Berkery, K. Barada, C. Clauser, A. J. Creely, A. Diallo, W. Guttenfelder, J. W. Hughes, L. A. Kogan, A. Kleiner, A. Q. Kuang, M. Lampert, T. Macwan, J. E. Menard, M. A. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We use a new gyrokinetic threshold model to predict a bifurcation in tokamak pedestal width-height scalings that depends strongly on plasma shaping and aspect-ratio. The bifurcation arises from the first and second stability properties of kinetic-ballooning-modes that yields wide and narrow pedestal branches, expanding the space of accessible pedestal widths and heights. The wide branch offers potential for edge-localized-mode-free pedestals with high core pressure. For negative triangularity, low-aspect-ratio configurations are predicted to give steeper pedestals than conventional-aspect-ratio. Both wide and narrow branches have been attained in tokamak experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number030702
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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