We have developed a quantitative assay to measure the rate of processing of precursor LamB into mature protein and have used this assay to characterize 10 previously isolated and 3 new lamB signal sequence mutants. The data suggest that the LamB signal sequence serves a complex function. Our assay has revealed five types of signal sequence defect: 1) a strong kinetic defect resulting from alteration of the secondary structure in the putative α-helical region in the hydrophobic core, 2) a strong, or 3) a weak kinetic defect due to placement of a charged residue in the hydrophobic core, 4) decreased synsthesis of LamB, and 5) both had a decrease in synthesis and a strong kinetic defect. The effect of an extragenic suppressor, prlA4 on the rate of processing pLamB containing signal sequence mutations was also examined and compared to the rates in wild-type strains. It was found that prlA4 increases the rate of processing in some, but not all, mutants having a kinetic defect while having no effect on the decreased synthesis seen in mutants of types 4 and 5.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1986|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology