KiDS-1000 Cosmology: Multi-probe weak gravitational lensing and spectroscopic galaxy clustering constraints

Catherine Heymans, Tilman Tröster, Marika Asgari, Chris Blake, Hendrik Hildebrandt, Benjamin Joachimi, Konrad Kuijken, Chieh An Lin, Ariel G. Sánchez, Jan Luca Van Den Busch, Angus H. Wright, Alexandra Amon, Maciej Bilicki, Jelte De Jong, Martin Crocce, Andrej Dvornik, Thomas Erben, Maria Cristina Fortuna, Fedor Getman, Benjamin GiblinKarl Glazebrook, Henk Hoekstra, Shahab Joudaki, Arun Kannawadi, Fabian Köhlinger, Chris Lidman, Lance Miller, Nicola R. Napolitano, David Parkinson, Peter Schneider, Huanyuan Shan, Edwin A. Valentijn, Gijs Verdoes Kleijn, Christian Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

391 Scopus citations


We present a joint cosmological analysis of weak gravitational lensing observations from the Kilo-Degree Survey (KiDS-1000), with redshift-space galaxy clustering observations from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) and galaxy-galaxy lensing observations from the overlap between KiDS-1000, BOSS, and the spectroscopic 2-degree Field Lensing Survey. This combination of large-scale structure probes breaks the degeneracies between cosmological parameters for individual observables, resulting in a constraint on the structure growth parameter S8 = σ8? (ωm/0.3) = 0.766-0.014+0.020, which has the same overall precision as that reported by the full-sky cosmic microwave background observations from Planck. The recovered S8 amplitude is low, however, by 8.3? ±? 2.6% relative to Planck. This result builds from a series of KiDS-1000 analyses where we validate our methodology with variable depth mock galaxy surveys, our lensing calibration with image simulations and null-tests, and our optical-to-near-infrared redshift calibration with multi-band mock catalogues and a spectroscopic-photometric clustering analysis. The systematic uncertainties identified by these analyses are folded through as nuisance parameters in our cosmological analysis. Inspecting the offset between the marginalised posterior distributions, we find that the S8-difference with Planck is driven by a tension in the matter fluctuation amplitude parameter, σ8. We quantify the level of agreement between the cosmic microwave background and our large-scale structure constraints using a series of different metrics, finding differences with a significance ranging between ∼3σ, when considering the offset in S8, and ∼2σ, when considering the full multi-dimensional parameter space.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA140
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
StatePublished - Feb 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • Gravitational lensing: weak
  • Methods: data analysis
  • Methods: statistical
  • Surveys


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