K2-140b and K2-180b - Characterization of a hot Jupiter and a mini-Neptune from the K2 mission

J. Korth, Sz Csizmadia, D. Gandolfi, M. Fridlund, M. Pätzold, T. Hirano, J. Livingston, C. M. Persson, H. J. Deeg, A. B. Justesen, O. Barragán, S. Grziwa, M. Endl, R. Tronsgaard, F. Dai, W. D. Cochran, S. Albrecht, R. Alonso, J. Cabrera, P. W. CauleyF. Cusano, Ph Eigmüller, A. Erikson, M. Esposito, E. W. Guenther, A. P. Hatzes, D. Hidalgo, M. Kuzuhara, P. Montañes, N. R. Napolitano, N. Narita, P. Niraula, D. Nespral, G. Nowak, E. Palle, C. E. Petrillo, S. Redfield, J. Prieto-Arranz, H. Rauer, A. M.S. Smith, C. Tortora, V. Van Eylen, J. N. Winn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the independent discovery and characterization of two K2 planets: K2-180b, a mini-Neptune-sized planet in an 8.9-d orbit transiting a V=12.6mag, metal-poor ([Fe/H] = -0.65 ± 0.10) K2V star in K2 campaign 5; K2-140b, a transiting hot Jupiter in a 6.6-d orbit around a V=12.6mag G6V ([Fe/H] = +0.10 ± 0.10) star in K2 campaign 10. Our results are based on K2 time-series photometry combined with high-spatial resolution imaging and high-precision radial velocity measurements. We present the first mass measurement of K2-180b. K2-180b has a mass of Mp = 11.3 ± 1.9M⊕ and a radius of Rp = 2.2 ± 0.1R⊕, yielding a mean density of ρp = 5.6 ± 1.9 g cm-3, suggesting a rocky composition. Given its radius, K2-180b is above the region of the so-called 'planetary radius gap'. K2-180b is in addition not only one of the densest mini-Neptune-sized planets, but also one of the few mini-Neptune-sized planets known to transit a metal-poor star. We also constrain the planetary and orbital parameters of K2-140b and show that, given the currently available Doppler measurements, the eccentricity is consistent with zero, contrary to the results of a previous study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1807-1823
Number of pages17
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume482
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 11 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Planets and satellites: fundamental parameters
  • Stars: fundamental parameters
  • Stars: individual: K2-140
  • Stars: individual: K2-180
  • Techniques: photometric
  • Techniques: radial velocities

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