JUE Insight: White flight from Asian immigration: Evidence from California Public Schools

Leah Boustan, Christine Cai, Tammy Tseng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Asian Americans are the fastest-growing racial group in the US but we know little about how Asian immigration has affected cities, neighborhoods and schools. This paper studies white flight from Asian arrivals in high-socioeconomic-status suburban Californian school districts from 2000–2016 using initial settlement patterns and national immigrant flows to instrument for entry. We find that, as Asian students arrive, white student enrollment declines in these higher-income suburbs. These patterns cannot be fully explained by racial animus, housing prices, or correlations with Black/Hispanic arrivals. Parental fears of academic competition may play a role.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103541
JournalJournal of Urban Economics
Volume141
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2024
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Urban Studies

Keywords

  • Immigration
  • School districts
  • White flight

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