Joint LED Selection and Precoding Optimization for Multiple-User Multiple-Cell VLC Systems

Yang Yang, Yujie Yang, Mingzhe Chen, Chunyan Feng, Hailun Xia, Shuguang Cui, H. Vincent Poor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


This article proposes a hybrid dimming (HD) scheme based on joint light-emitting diode (LED) selection and precoding design (TASP-HD) for multiple-user (MU) multiple-cell (MC) visible light communications (VLCs) systems. In TASP-HD, both the LED selection and the precoding of each cell can be dynamically adjusted to reduce the intra- and inter-cell interferences while satisfying illumination constraints. First, an MU-MC-VLC system model is established, and then a sum-rate maximization problem under the dimming level and illumination uniformity constraints is formulated. In this studied problem, the indices of activated LEDs and precoding matrices are optimized, which result in a complex nonconvex mixed-integer problem. To solve this problem, the original problem is separated into two subproblems. The first subproblem, which maximizes the sum rate of users via optimizing the LED selection with a given precoding matrix, is a mixed-integer problem solved by the penalty method. With the optimized LED selection matrix, the second subproblem which focuses on the maximization of the sum-rate via optimizing the precoding matrix is solved by the Lagrangian dual method. Finally, these two subproblems are iteratively solved to obtain a convergent solution. Simulation results verify that in a typical indoor scenario under a dimming level of 70%, the mean bandwidth efficiency (MBE) of TASP-HD is 4.8 bit/s/Hz and 7.13 bit/s/Hz greater than analog dimming (AD) and digital dimming (DD), respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6003-6017
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 15 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


  • Light emitting diodes
  • precoding
  • transmitting antennas
  • visible light communication


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