Joint Communication and Computation Offloading for Ultra-Reliable and Low-Latency With Multi-Tier Computing

Dang Van Huynh, Van Dinh Nguyen, Symeon Chatzinotas, Saeed R. Khosravirad, H. Vincent Poor, Trung Q. Duong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


In this paper, we study joint communication and computation offloading (JCCO) for hierarchical edge-cloud systems with ultra-reliable and low latency communications (URLLC). We aim to minimize the end-to-end (e2e) latency of computational tasks among multiple industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) devices by jointly optimizing offloading probabilities, processing rates, user association policies and power control subject to their service delay and energy consumption requirements as well as queueing stability conditions. The formulated JCCO problem belongs to a difficult class of mixed-integer non-convex optimization problem, making it computationally intractable. In addition, a strong coupling between binary and continuous variables and the large size of hierarchical edge-cloud systems make the problem even more challenging to solve optimally. To address these challenges, we first decompose the original problem into two subproblems based on the unique structure of the underlying problem and leverage the alternating optimization (AO) approach to solve them in an iterative fashion by developing newly convex approximate functions. To speed up optimal user association searching, we incorporate a penalty function into the objective function to resolve uncertainties of a binary nature. Two sub-optimal designs for given user association policies based on channel conditions and random user associations are also investigated to serve as state-of-the-art benchmarks. Numerical results are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithms in terms of the e2e latency and convergence speed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)521-537
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Alternating optimization
  • multi-tier computing
  • ultra-reliable and low latency communications


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