Joint Beam Management and Power Allocation in THz-NOMA Networks

Zhiguo Ding, H. Vincent Poor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


This paper investigates how to apply non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) as an add-on in terahertz (THz) networks. In particular, prior to the implementation of NOMA, it is assumed that there exists a legacy THz system, where spatial beams have already been configured to serve legacy primary users. The aim of this paper is to study how these pre-configured spatial beams can be used as a type of bandwidth resources, on which additional secondary users are served without degrading the performance of the legacy primary users. A joint beam management and power allocation problem is first formulated as a mixed combinatorial non-convex optimization problem, and then solved by two methods with different performance-complexity tradeoffs, one based on the branch and bound method and the other based on successive convex approximation. Both analytical and simulation results are presented to illustrate the new features of beam-based resource allocation in THz-NOMA networks and also demonstrate that those pre-configured spatial beams can be employed to improve the system throughput and connectivity in a spectrally efficient manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2059-2073
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA)
  • beam management
  • power allocation
  • successive convex approximation
  • terahertz (THz)
  • the branch and bound method


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