Islam and Mass Preferences Toward Foreign Direct Investment in Tunisia

Amaney A. Jamal, Helen V. Milner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Are FDI and Islam in conflict with one another in the eyes of Tunisians? Â Does support for globalization fall or increase when it embraces or challenges Islamic dress, prayer, and other practices? We examine through different experimental tests how Tunisians react to foreign direct investment when it accommodates or conflicts with Islamic norms. Using three original sources of data, including a large representative survey (N = 4,986), a conjoint survey experiment (N = 1,502), and an original survey experiment with experimental social vignettes (N = 504), we examine how threats (and non-threats) from FDI to Islamic norms affect support for FDI. We find strong support for FDI, but these levels of support are not stable. We find the support for FDI falls by almost 32% if it is seen to clash with female Islamic dress. Support is highest when it accommodates Islamic practices, especially the female hijab and lowest when it is perceived to disregard these practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)314-325
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Experimental Political Science
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 22 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science


  • foreign direct investment (FDI)
  • Islam
  • Tunisia
  • women


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