Ising models with long-range antiferromagnetic and short-range ferromagnetic interactions

Alessandro Giuliani, Joel L. Lebowitz, Elliott H. Lieb

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We study the ground state of a d -dimensional Ising model with both long-range (dipole-like) and nearest-neighbor ferromagnetic (FM) interactions. The long-range interaction is equal to r-p, p>d, while the FM interaction has strength J. If p>d+1 and J is large enough the ground state is FM, while if d<p≤d+1 the FM state is not the ground state for any choice of J. In d=1 we show that for any p>1 the ground state has a series of transitions from an antiferromagnetic state of period 2 to 2h -periodic states of blocks of sizes h with alternating sign, the size h growing when the FM interaction strength J is increased (a generalization of this result to the case 0<p≤1 is also discussed). In d≥2 we prove, for d<p≤d+1, that the dominant asymptotic behavior of the ground-state energy agrees for large J with that obtained from a periodic striped state conjectured to be the true ground state. The geometry of contours in the ground state is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number064420
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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