Iodine Electrochemistry Dictates Voltage-Induced Halide Segregation Thresholds in Mixed-Halide Perovskite Devices

Zhaojian Xu, Ross A. Kerner, Joseph J. Berry, Barry P. Rand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Owing to straightforward stoichiometry–bandgap tunability, mixed-halide perovskites are ideal for many optoelectronic devices. However, unwanted halide segregation under operational conditions, including light illumination and voltage bias, restricts practical use. Additionally, the origin of voltage-induced halide segregation is still unclear. Herein, a systematic voltage threshold study in mixed bromide/iodide perovskite devices is performed and leads to observation of three distinct voltage thresholds corresponding to the doping of the hole transport material (0.7 ± 0.1 V), halide segregation (0.95 ± 0.05 V), and degradation (1.15 ± 0.05 V) for an optically stable mixed-halide perovskite composition with a low bromide content (10%). These empirical threshold voltages are minimally affected by composition until very Br-rich compositions, which reveals the dominant role of iodide/triiodide/iodine electrochemistry in voltage-induced Br/I phase separation and transport layer doping reactions in halide perovskite devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2203432
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number33
StatePublished - Aug 15 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Electrochemistry
  • Biomaterials


  • mixed-halide perovskites
  • voltage thresholds
  • voltage-induced halide segregation


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