The geometrically frustrated magnet gadolinium gallium garnet (GGG) has a unique low temperature (<0.38 K.) antiferromagnetic phase which exists only in finite fields (H∼1 T). We have measured the specific heat and magnetic susceptibility of GGG to obtain the first accurate map of the low temperature phase diagram. A ground state magnetic structure in this field regime has been determined by simulations including both the exchange and dipole interactions. We find a critical exponent α<0 at the ordering transition, consistent with a transition in a random magnetic environment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)