Investigation of near and mid infra-red (1.34,1.55 & 8.1μm) laser propagation through the New York city metro area

Paul Corrigan, Rainer Martini, Edward Whittaker, Claire F. Gmachl

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Low power Mid-IR laser light exhibits much lower attenuation in propagation through the New York metro area when compared to Near-IR wavelengths. Depending on the type of atmospheric extinction we record a reduction of up to 800% in the exponential Beer-Lambert coefficient for Mid-IR light compared to Near-IR, thereby demonstrating the possibility of significantly increased deployable range and SNR of current communication systems by utilizing the Mid-IR spectrum. We present and analyze transmission data from an outdoor collinear, coaxial, multi-wavelength laser test bed comparing 1.31μm, 1.5 5μm and 8μm through outdoor atmospheric fog and rain over a 550 m free space optical link across the Stevens Institute of Technology campus. This is achieved using lasers with average power ranging from 1 mW (Mid-IR QCL) to tens of milliwatts which have been normalized under lock-in detection. We also present corroborating results from an indoor fog experiment simulating various fog types. Here we have also deconstructed Beer's attenuation coefficient and distinguish the contribution of scattering and absorption with a purpose-built polar nephelometer. Using Mie predictions we determine and measure the extent by which a Mid-IR system scatters light less under fog than a traditional Near-IR one, hence accounting for the performance enhancement in the metro-air test bed. We conclude finally that the Kruse-Mie prediction of insignificant Mid-IR-over-Near-IR-gain is strongly in error.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAtmospheric Propagation IV
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2007
EventAtmospheric Propagation IV - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: Apr 11 2007Apr 12 2007

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume6551
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Other

OtherAtmospheric Propagation IV
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL
Period4/11/074/12/07

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Corrigan, P., Martini, R., Whittaker, E., & Gmachl, C. F. (2007). Investigation of near and mid infra-red (1.34,1.55 & 8.1μm) laser propagation through the New York city metro area. In Atmospheric Propagation IV [655107] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 6551). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.720015