Interpretative SOL modeling throughout multiple ELM cycles in DIII-D

A. O. Nelson, Z. A. Xing, O. Izacard, F. M. Laggner, E. Kolemen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Coupling between the UEDGE (edge fluid model), GINGRED (grid generation) and CAKE (equilibrium reconstruction) codes opens the door for automated interpretative scrape-off-layer (SOL) analysis over entire discharges, providing information that is essential in efforts to couple the SOL to core transport codes. In this work, we utilize new developments in the autoUEDGE code (Izacard et al. 2018) to investigate the behavior of the DIII-D SOL during the temporal evolution of an edge-localized mode (ELM) cycle. Modeled temperature and density profiles in UEDGE are automatically matched to experimental measurements by iteratively and self-consistently adjusting transport coefficient profiles in the plasma edge. This analysis is completed over multiple ELM cycles of a well-diagnosed discharge with long (∼100ms) inter-ELM periods. Directly after the ELM crash, a short period of high-density, low-temperature conditions is observed in Langmuir probe measurements at the outer divertor. This regime is associated with enhanced Dα emission and incident particle flux, suggesting that the divertor enters a period of high recycling after an ELM crash. After about ∼25ms, divertor conditions return to their pre-ELM conditions and remain there for several tens of milliseconds. Using the autoUEDGE code, the SOL is modeled as a function of ELM cycle using upstream profiles as input. The 2D modeling successfully reproduces both divertor Thomson scattering measurements and the experimentally observed divertor dynamics. Though the recycling is kept fixed throughout the modeling, changes in particle fluxes are consistent with local experimental recycling changes induced by ELMs. Agreement between modeling and observation suggests a strong link between upstream profiles and the high-recycling divertor conditions directly following large type-I ELMs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100883
JournalNuclear Materials and Energy
StatePublished - Mar 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


  • ELMs
  • Integrated modeling
  • SOL


Dive into the research topics of 'Interpretative SOL modeling throughout multiple ELM cycles in DIII-D'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this