Quantum mechanics revolutionized chemists’ understanding of molecular structure. In contrast, the kinetics of molecular reactions in solution are well described by classical, statistical theories. To reveal how the dynamics of chemical systems transition from quantum to classical, we study femtosecond proton transfer in a symmetric molecule with two identical reactant sites that are spatially apart. With the reaction launched from a superposition of two local basis states, we hypothesize that the ensuing motions of the electrons and nuclei will proceed, conceptually, in lockstep as a superposition of probability amplitudes until decoherence collapses the system to a product. Using ultrafast spectroscopy, we observe that the initial superposition state affects the reaction kinetics by an interference mechanism. With the aid of a quantum dynamics model, we propose how the evolution of nuclear wavepackets manifests the unusual intersite quantum correlations during the reaction.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Oct 25 2022|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- kinetic isotope effect
- proton transfer
- quantum mechanics