Interactive Big Data Resource to Elucidate Human Immune Pathways and Diseases

Dmitriy Gorenshteyn, Elena Zaslavsky, Miguel Fribourg, Christopher Y. Park, Aaron K. Wong, Alicja Tadych, Boris M. Hartmann, Randy A. Albrecht, Adolfo García-Sastre, Steven H. Kleinstein, Olga G. Troyanskaya, Stuart C. Sealfon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many functionally important interactions between genes and proteins involved in immunological diseases and processes are unknown. The exponential growth in public high-throughput data offers an opportunity to expand this knowledge. To unlock human-immunology-relevant insight contained in the global biomedical research effort, including all public high-throughput datasets, we performed immunological-pathway-focused Bayesian integration of a comprehensive, heterogeneous compendium comprising 38,088 genome-scale experiments. The distillation of this knowledge into immunological networks of functional relationships between molecular entities (ImmuNet), and tools to mine this resource, are accessible to the public at http://immunet.princeton.edu. The predictive capacity of ImmuNet, established by rigorous statistical validation, is easily accessed by experimentalists to generate data-driven hypotheses. We demonstrate the power of this approach through the identification of unique host-virus interaction responses, and we show how ImmuNet complements genetic studies by predicting disease-associated genes. ImmuNet should be widely beneficial for investigating the mechanisms of the human immune system and immunological diseases. The large amount of publically available high-throughput data contains, in aggregate, a vast amount of immunologically relevant insight. Sealfon and colleagues report ImmuNet, a web-accessible public resource based on 38,088 experiments that allows researchers to predict gene-gene relationships relevant to the human immune system and immunological diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3157
Pages (from-to)605-614
Number of pages10
JournalImmunity
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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