We have shown that any pair potential function v (r) possessing a Fourier transform V (k) that is positive and has compact support at some finite wave number K yields classical disordered ground states for a broad density range. By tuning a constraint parameter χ (defined in the text), the ground states can traverse varying degrees of local order from fully disordered to crystalline ground states. Here, we show that in two dimensions, the " k -space overlap potential," where V (k) is proportional to the intersection area between two disks of diameter K whose centers are separated by k, yields anomalous low-temperature behavior, which we attribute to the topography of the underlying energy landscape. At T=0, for the range of densities considered, we show that there is continuous energy degeneracy among Bravais-lattice configurations. The shear elastic constant of ground-state Bravais-lattice configurations vanishes. In the harmonic regime, a significant fraction of the normal modes for both amorphous and Bravais-lattice ground states have vanishing frequencies, indicating the lack of an internal restoring force. Using molecular-dynamics simulations, we observe negative thermal-expansion behavior at low temperatures, where upon heating at constant pressure, the system goes through a density maximum. For all temperatures, isothermal compression reduces the local structure of the system unlike typical single-component systems.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|State||Published - Sep 4 2009|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics