Interactions between dorsal and helix-loop-helix proteins initiate the differentiation of the embryonic mesoderm and neuroectoderm in Drosophila

S. Gonzalez-Crespo, M. Levine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

The dorsal (dl) morphogen has been implicated in the establishment of the embryonic mesoderm, neuroectoderm, and dorsal ectoderm in Drosophila. Here we show that the simultaneous reduction in the levels of dl and any one of several helix-loop-helix (HLH) proteins results in severe disruptions in the formation of mesoderm and neuroectoderm. Certain triple heterozygous combinations essentially lack mesoderm as a result of a block in ventral furrow formation during gastrulation. HLH proteins that have been implicated previously in sex determination and neurogenesis (daughterless, achaete, and scute) are shown to be required for the formation of these embryonic tissues. Evidence is also presented that dl-HLH interactions involve the direct physical association of these proteins in solution mediated by the rel and HLH domains. We discuss the striking parallels in mesoderm formation and sex determination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1703-1713
Number of pages11
JournalGenes and Development
Volume7
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology

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