In designing membrane systems, the synergy between membrane materials and the process design is often overlooked. We present a mixed-integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) model for synthesizing membrane systems while simultaneously designing the respective membrane materials for multicomponent gas separation. The approach considers superstructure representations for systems with: (1) same, (2) potentially different, and (3) property-targeting membrane materials. In the first two systems, the selection of membrane material is a decision, while in the final type, membrane permeances are subject to optimization. Physics-based surrogate models are used to describe permeation in crossflow and countercurrent flow permeators. We show that, through a case study of biogas upgrading, our approach obtains high quality solutions. Furthermore, we use the proposed approach while considering permeance-based production cost to find the optimal membrane.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Global optimization
- Membrane systems
- Multicomponent gas separation
- Process synthesis