Insights into anthropogenic nitrogen deposition to the North Atlantic investigated using the isotopic composition of aerosol and rainwater nitrate

Amy R. Gobel, Katye E. Altieri, Andrew J. Peters, Meredith G. Hastings, Daniel Mikhail Sigman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Identifying the dominant sources of atmospheric reactive nitrogen (N r) is critical for determining the influence of anthropogenic emissions on Nr deposition, especially in marine ecosystems. To test the influence of anthropogenic versus marine air masses, samples were collected in Bermuda, where seasonal atmospheric circulation patterns lead to greater continental transport during the cool season. The 15N/14N of aerosol nitrate (NO3-) indicates changes in N r sources and its 18O/16O indicates a seasonal shift in the relative strength of pathways of NO3- formation. The aerosol δ15N-NO3- was consistently lower than or equal to the rainwater from the same sampling period, the opposite trend of that observed in polluted systems. We propose that this is due to HNO3(g) uptake onto aerosol particles with a kinetic isotope effect, lowering the aerosol δ15N-NO3 - relative to residual HNO3(g). The aerosol δ18O-NO3- was higher than that in rainwater during the cool season, but was not different during the warm season, which we tentatively attribute to the increased importance of heterogeneous halogen chemistry on the formation of NO3- during the cool season.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5977-5982
Number of pages6
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume40
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 28 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Keywords

  • marine aerosol
  • marine rainwater
  • nitrogen
  • stable isotopes of nitrate
  • subtropical North Atlantic

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Insights into anthropogenic nitrogen deposition to the North Atlantic investigated using the isotopic composition of aerosol and rainwater nitrate'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this