Inflammatory and oxidative stress responses of healthy elders to solar-assisted large-scale cleaning system (SALSCS) and changes in ambient air pollution: A quasi-interventional study in Xi'an, China

Hong Qiu, Xin Yi Niu, Jun Ji Cao, Hong Mei Xu, Shun Xiao, Ning Ning Zhang, Xi Xia, Zhen Xing Shen, Yu Huang, Gabriel Ngar Cheung Lau, Steve Hung Lam Yim, Kin Fai Ho

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

An outdoor solar assisted large-scale cleaning system (SALSCS) was constructed to mitigate the levels of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in urban areas of Xi'an China, providing a quasi-experimental opportunity to examine the biologic responses to the changes in pollution level. We conducted this outdoor SALSCS based real-world quasi-interventional study to examine the associations of the SALSCS intervention and changes in air pollution levels with the biomarkers of systemic inflammation and oxidative stress in healthy elders. We measured the levels of 8-hydrox-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), Interlukin-6 (IL-6), as well as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) from urine samples, and IL-6 from saliva samples of 123 healthy retired participants from interventional/control residential areas in two sampling campaigns. We collected daily 24-h PM2.5 samples in two residential areas during the study periods using mini-volume samplers. Data on PM10, gaseous pollutants and weather factors were collected from the nearest national air quality monitoring stations. We used linear mixed-effect models to examine the percent change in each biomarker associated with the SALSCS intervention and air pollution levels, after adjusting for time trend, seasonality, weather factors and personal characteristics. Results showed that the SALSCS intervention was significantly associated with decreases in the geometric mean of biomarkers by 47.6% (95% confidence interval: 16.5–67.2%) for 8-OHdG, 66% (31.0–83.3%) for TNF-α, 41.7% (0.2–65.9%) and 43.4% (13.6–62.9%) for urinary and salivary IL-6, respectively. An inter-quartile range increase of ambient PM2.5 exposure averaged on the day of the collection of bio-samples and the day before (34.1 μg/m3) was associated, albeit non-significantly so, with 22.8%–37.9% increases in the geometric mean of these biomarkers. This study demonstrated that the SALSCS intervention and decreased ambient air pollution exposure results in lower burden of systemic inflammation and oxidative stress in older adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number151217
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume806
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

Keywords

  • Biomarker
  • Inflammation
  • Oxidative stress
  • Quasi-interventional study
  • Solar-assisted large-scale cleaning system

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