Induced rotation in three-dimensional simulations of core-collapse supernovae: Implications for pulsar spins

Emmanouela Rantsiou, Adam Burrows, Jason Nordhaus, Ann Almgren

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52 Scopus citations


It has been suggested that the observed rotation periods of radio pulsars might be induced by a non-axisymmetric spiral-mode instability in the turbulent region behind the stalled supernova bounce shock, even if the progenitor core was not initially rotating. In this paper, using the three-dimensional Adaptive Mesh Refinement code CASTRO with a realistic progenitor and equation of state and a simple neutrino heating and cooling scheme, we present a numerical study of the evolution in three dimensions of the rotational profile of a supernova core from collapse, through bounce and shock stagnation, to delayed explosion. By the end of our simulation (∼ 420 ms after core bounce), we do not witness significant spin-up of the proto-neutron star core left behind. However, we do see the development before the explosion of strong differential rotation in the turbulent gain region between the core and stalled shock. Shells in this region acquire high spin rates that reach 150 Hz, but this region contains too little mass and angular momentum to translate, even if left behind, into rapid rotation for the full neutron star. We also find that much of the induced angular momentum is likely to be ejected in the explosion, and moreover that even if the optimal amount of induced angular momentum is retained in the core, the resulting spin period is likely to be quite modest. Nevertheless, induced periods of seconds are possible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number57
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 1 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • hydrodynamics
  • pulsars: general
  • supernovae: general


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