The ESR response from highly metal-semiconductor (M-SC) separated single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) for temperatures T between 0.39 and 200 K is characteristically different for the two systems. The signal originates from defect spins but interaction with free electrons leads to a larger linewidth for M tubes. The latter decreases with increasing T, whereas it increases with T for SC tubes. The spins undergo a ferromagnetic phase transition below around 10 K. Indirect exchange is suggested to be responsible for the spin-spin interaction, supported by RKKY interaction in the case of M tubes. For SC tubes, the spin-lattice relaxation via an Orbach process is suggested to determine the linewidth.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Jul 5 2012|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics