Improving the privacy of optical steganography with temporal phase masks

Z. Wang, M. P. Fok, L. Xu, J. Chang, P. R. Prucnal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Temporal phase modulation of spread stealth signals is proposed and demonstrated to improve optical steganography transmission privacy. After phase modulation, the temporally spread stealth signal has a more complex spectral-phase-temporal relationship, such that the original temporal profile cannot be restored when only dispersion compensation is applied to the temporally spread stealth signals. Therefore, it increases the difficulty for the eavesdropper to detect and intercept the stealth channel that is hidden under a public transmission, even with a correct dispersion compensation device. The experimental results demonstrate the feasibility of this approach and display insignificant degradation in transmission performance, compared to the conventional stealth transmission without temporal phase modulation. The proposed system can also work without a clock transmission for signal synchronization. Our analysis and simulation results show that it is difficult for the adversary to detect the existence of the stealth transmission, or find the correct phase mask to recover the stealth signals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6079-6088
Number of pages10
JournalOptics Express
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 15 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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