Improving our fundamental understanding of the role of aerosol-cloud interactions in the climate system

John H. Seinfeld, Christopher Bretherton, Kenneth S. Carslaw, Hugh Coe, Paul J. DeMott, Edward J. Dunlea, Graham Feingold, Steven Ghan, Alex B. Guenther, Ralph Kahn, Ian Kraucunas, Sonia M. Kreidenweis, Mario J. Molina, Athanasios Nenes, Joyce E. Penner, Kimberly A. Prather, V. Ramanathan, Venkatachalam Ramaswamy, Philip J. Rasch, A. R. RavishankaraDaniel Rosenfeld, Graeme Stephens, Robert Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

175 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of an increase in atmospheric aerosol concentrations on the distribution and radiative properties of Earth's clouds is the most uncertain component of the overall global radiative forcing from preindustrial time. General circulation models (GCMs) are the tool for predicting future climate, but the treatment of aerosols, clouds, and aerosol-cloud radiative effects carries large uncertainties that directly affect GCM predictions, such as climate sensitivity. Predictions are hampered by the large range of scales of interaction between various components that need to be captured. Observation systems (remote sensing, in situ) are increasingly being used to constrain predictions, but significant challenges exist, to some extent because of the large range of scales and the fact that the various measuring systems tend to address different scales. Fine-scale models represent clouds, aerosols, and aerosol-cloud interactions with high fidelity but do not include interactions with the larger scale and are therefore limited from a climatic point of view. We suggest strategies for improving estimates of aerosol-cloud relationships in climate models, for new remote sensing and in situ measurements, and for quantifying and reducing model uncertainty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5781-5790
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume113
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - May 24 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Keywords

  • Aerosol-cloud effects
  • Climate
  • General circulation models
  • Radiative forcing
  • Satellite observations

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    Seinfeld, J. H., Bretherton, C., Carslaw, K. S., Coe, H., DeMott, P. J., Dunlea, E. J., Feingold, G., Ghan, S., Guenther, A. B., Kahn, R., Kraucunas, I., Kreidenweis, S. M., Molina, M. J., Nenes, A., Penner, J. E., Prather, K. A., Ramanathan, V., Ramaswamy, V., Rasch, P. J., ... Wood, R. (2016). Improving our fundamental understanding of the role of aerosol-cloud interactions in the climate system. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113(21), 5781-5790. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1514043113