Improved high-contrast wavefront controllers for exoplanet coronagraphic imaging systems

He Sun, N. Jeremy Kasdin, Robert Vanderbei, A. J.Eldorado Riggs, Tyler Groff

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

All coronagraphs for exoplanet high-contrast imaging employ wavefront estimation and control systems to reject system aberrations and create sufficiently dark holes. Currently at Princeton and JPL, two control schemes are being employed: electric field conjugation (EFC) and stroke minimization. Both of them are based on a linearized state transition model and both have achieved great success over the past decade. In this paper, we develop a general framework for the control system and improve upon the robustness of wavefront controllers from the perspective of stochastic optimization. We start by analyzing the model uncertainty and reformulating the wavefront control as a stochastic optimization problem. Then, we apply this idea to a recently proposed linear constraint wavefront controller and develop a robust version. According to the numerical simulations, the robust linear controller reveals the potential for creating more uniform dark holes. In experiment, the robust linear controller achieves at least as good performance as Electric Field Conjugation (EFC) and stroke minimization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VIII
EditorsStuart Shaklan
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510612570
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
EventTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VIII 2017 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Aug 8 2017Aug 10 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume10400
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Other

OtherTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VIII 2017
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period8/8/178/10/17

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Keywords

  • Exoplanet
  • coronagraph
  • direct imaging
  • linear programming
  • robust optimization
  • stochastic optimization
  • wavefront correction

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  • Cite this

    Sun, H., Kasdin, N. J., Vanderbei, R., Riggs, A. J. E., & Groff, T. (2017). Improved high-contrast wavefront controllers for exoplanet coronagraphic imaging systems. In S. Shaklan (Ed.), Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VIII [104000R] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 10400). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2274720