The electron transit time of many different quantum cascade lasers has been measured and compared to the calculated upper laser level lifetimes with and without taking into account interface roughness induced intersubband scattering. A significantly better correlation is found between the experimental results and the calculation when including the contribution from the interface roughness (corr. coeff.: 0.79 vs. 0.43 with and without the consideration of interface roughness, respectively). This suggests that in addition to longitudinal optical phonons, interface roughness is also crucial in determining the intersubband lifetimes in mid-infrared quantum cascade laser and should routinely be included in design.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)