We propose a method for parametrization of implicit solvent models for the simulation of the self-assembly of ionic surfactants into micelles. The parametrization is carried out in two steps. The first step involves atomistic molecular dynamics simulations of headgroups and counterions with explicit solvent to determine structural properties. An implicit solvent model of the headgroup/counterion system is obtained by matching structural quantities between explicit solvent and implicit solvent systems. In the second step, we identify the solvophobic attractions between the tail beads. We determine the solvophobic parameters using grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations with histogram reweighting techniques. The matching objective for the identification of solvophobic attractions is the critical micelle concentration (cmc). We choose sodium dodecyl sulfate as the reference system. On the basis of hydrophobic parameters obtained from this particular model, we study specific ion effects (lithium and potassium instead of sodium) as well as the effect of cationic headgroups (dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide/chloride). Furthermore, the chain length dependence of micellization properties is investigated for sodium alkyl sulfate, with alkyl lengths between 6 and 14. All cases considered give results in broad agreement with experimental data, confirming the transferability of parameters and the generality of the approach.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry