Impact of Warm Dark Matter on the Cosmic Neutrino Background Anisotropies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Cosmic Neutrino Background (CνB) anisotropies for massive neutrinos are a unique probe of large-scale structure formation. The redshift-distance measure is completely different for massive neutrinos as compared to electromagnetic radiation. The CνB anisotropies in massive neutrinos grow in response to non-relativistic motion in gravitational potentials seeded by relatively high k-modes. Differences in the early phases of large-scale structure formation in warm dark matter (WDM) versus cold dark matter (CDM) cosmologies have an impact on the magnitude of the CνB anisotropies for contributions to the angular power spectrum that peak at high k-modes. We take the examples of WDM consisting of 2, 3, or 7 keV sterile neutrinos and show that the CνB anisotropies for 0.05 eV neutrinos drop off at high-l multipole moment in the angular power spectrum relative to CDM. At the same angular scales that one can observe baryonic acoustical oscillations in the CMB, the CνB anisotropies begin to become sensitive to differences in WDM and CDM cosmologies. The precision measurement of high-l multipoles in the CνB neutrino sky map is a potential possibility for the PTOLEMY experiment with thin film targets of spin-polarized atomic tritium superfluid that exhibit significant quantum liquid amplification for non-relativistic relic neutrino capture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number118
JournalUniverse
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Keywords

  • CNB
  • Cosmic neutrino background
  • Large-scale structure
  • LSS
  • PTOLEMY
  • Quantum liquid amplification
  • Relic neutrino capture
  • Relic neutrinos
  • Spin-polarized atomic tritium
  • Superfluid
  • Warm dark matter
  • WDM

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