Both ASDEX-Upgrade (AUG) data and the generalized HD (GHD) model showed that the scrape-off width broadens as the density/collisionality increases [1, 2]. A series of BOUT++ transport simulations are performed to study the physics of the scaling characteristics of the divertor heat flux width vs density/collisionality via a plasma density scan with either fixed pressure profile or fixed temperature profile inside separatrix. The simulations show that even in the drift dominated regime, the divertor heat flux width can be broadened due to the transition of the SOL residence time from the parallel particle flow time to the enhanced parallel conduction time as the collisionality/density increases as posited in the GHD model. In addition, the heat flux width is found to be proportional to the square root of ion mass for low collisionality while it has a weakly dependence on ion mass for high collisionality. Furthermore, our simulations show that as the density increases, the radial electric field (E r) well shallows, which potentially weakens E r B flow shear stabilization of turbulence at high density.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics