Immunization in developing countries: Its political and organizational determinants

Varun Gauri, Peyvand Khaleghian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations


The factors that most affect immunization coverage involve the global policy environment and contact with international agencies. Except in very poor countries, democracies have lower coverage rates than autocracies. The quality of a country's institutions and its level of development are also strongly related to immunization rate coverage and vaccine adoption. There is no evidence that disease outbreaks or polio eradication campaigns affect immunization rates. In the current structure of immunization programs, coverage rates respond more to supply-side than demand effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2109-2132
Number of pages24
JournalWorld Development
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2002
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Building and Construction
  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Economics and Econometrics


  • Democracy
  • Donors
  • Health
  • Immunization
  • Institutions
  • Vaccines


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