Imaging of localized electronic states in the quantum hall regime

N. B. Zhitenev, T. A. Fulton, A. Yacoby, H. F. Hess, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. W. West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Scopus citations


The concept of electron localization has long been accepted to be essential to the physics of the quantum Hall effect in a two-dimensional electron gas. The exact quantization of the Hall resistance and the zero of the diagonal resistance over a range of filling factors close to integral are attributed to the localization of electronic states at the Fermi level in the interior of the gas. As the electron density is changed, charging of the individual localized states may occur by single-electron jumps, causing associated oscillations in the local electrostatic potential. Here we search for such a manifestation of localized states in the quantum Hall regime, using a scanning electrometer probe. We observe localized potential signals, at numerous locations, that oscillate with changing electron density. In general, the corresponding spatial patterns are complex, but well-defined objects are often seen which evidently arise from individual localized states. These objects interact, and at times form a lattice-like arrangement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)473-476
Number of pages4
Issue number6777
StatePublished - Mar 30 2000
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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