Imaging discovery of the debris disk around HIP 79977

C. Thalmann, M. Janson, E. Buenzli, T. D. Brandt, J. P. Wisniewski, C. Dominik, J. Carson, M. W. McElwain, T. Currie, G. R. Knapp, A. Moro-Martín, T. Usuda, L. Abe, W. Brandner, S. Egner, M. Feldt, T. Golota, M. Goto, O. Guyon, J. HashimotoY. Hayano, M. Hayashi, S. Hayashi, T. Henning, K. W. Hodapp, M. Ishii, M. Iye, R. Kandori, T. Kudo, N. Kusakabe, M. Kuzuhara, J. Kwon, T. Matsuo, S. Mayama, S. Miyama, J. I. Morino, T. Nishimura, T. S. Pyo, E. Serabyn, H. Suto, R. Suzuki, M. Takami, N. Takato, H. Terada, D. Tomono, E. L. Turner, M. Watanabe, T. Yamada, H. Takami, M. Tamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present Subaru/HiCIAO H-band high-contrast images of the debris disk around HIP 79977, whose presence was recently inferred from an infrared excess. Our images resolve the disk for the first time, allowing characterization of its shape, size, and dust grain properties. We use angular differential imaging (ADI) to reveal the disk geometry in unpolarized light out to a radius of 2″, as well as polarized differential imaging to measure the degree of scattering polarization out to 1.″5. In order to strike a favorable balance between suppression of the stellar halo and conservation of disk flux, we explore the application of principal component analysis to both ADI and reference star subtraction. This allows accurate forward modeling of the effects of data reduction on simulated disk images, and thus direct comparison with the imaged disk. The resulting best-fit values and well-fitting intervals for the model parameters are a surface brightness power-law slope of Sout = -3.2[-3.6, -2.9], an inclination of i = 84°[81°, 86°], a high Henyey-Greenstein forward-scattering parameter of g = 0.45[0.35, 0.60], and a non-significant disk-star offset of u = 3.0[-1.5, 7.5] AU = 24[-13, 61] mas along the line of nodes. Furthermore, the tangential linear polarization along the disk rises from 10% at 0.″5 to 45% at 1.″5. These measurements paint a consistent picture of a disk of dust grains produced by collisional cascades and blown out to larger radii by stellar radiation pressure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL29
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume763
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • circumstellar matter
  • planetary systems
  • stars: individual (HIP 79977)
  • techniques: high angular resolution

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