Identifying non-Abelian topological order through minimal entangled states

W. Zhu, S. S. Gong, F. D.M. Haldane, D. N. Sheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


The topological order is encoded in the pattern of long-range quantum entanglements, which cannot be measured by any local observable. Here we perform an exact diagonalization study to establish the non-Abelian topological order for topological band models through entanglement entropy measurement. We focus on the quasiparticle statistics of the non-Abelian Moore-Read and Read-Rezayi states on the lattice models with bosonic particles. We identify multiple independent minimal entangled states (MESs) in the ground state manifold on a torus. The extracted modular S matrix from MESs faithfully demonstrates the Ising anyon or Fibonacci quasiparticle statistics, including the quasiparticle quantum dimensions and the fusion rules for such systems. These findings unambiguously demonstrate the topological nature of the quantum states for these flatband models without using the knowledge of model wave functions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number096803
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number9
StatePublished - Mar 4 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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