Hypersegregation in U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Black and Hispanic Segregation Along Five Dimensions

Douglas S. Massey, Nancy A. Denton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

669 Scopus citations


Residential segregation has traditionally been measured by using the index of dissimilarity and, more recently, the P * exposure index. These indices, however, measure only two of five potential dimensions of segregation and, by themselves, understate the degree of black segregation in U.S. society. Compared with Hispanics, not only are blacks more segregated on any single dimension of residential segregation, they are also likely to be segregated on all five dimensions simultaneously, which never occurs for Hispanics. Moreover, in a significant subset of large urban areas, blacks experience extreme segregation on all dimensions, a pattern we call hypersegregation. This finding is upheld and reinforced by a multivariate analysis. We conclude that blacks occupy a unique and distinctly disadvantaged position in the U.S. urban environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-391
Number of pages19
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1989

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Demography


Dive into the research topics of 'Hypersegregation in U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Black and Hispanic Segregation Along Five Dimensions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this