Hyperbolicity in spherical gravitational collapse in a Horndeski theory

Justin L. Ripley, Frans Pretorius

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We numerically study spherical gravitational collapse in shift symmetric Einstein dilaton Gauss Bonnet (EdGB) gravity. We find evidence that there are open sets of initial data for which the character of the system of equations changes from hyperbolic to elliptic type in a compact region of the spacetime. In these cases evolution of the system, treated as a hyperbolic initial boundary value problem, leads to the equations of motion becoming ill-posed when the elliptic region forms. No singularities or discontinuities are encountered on the corresponding effective "Cauchy horizon." Therefore it is conceivable that a well-posed formulation of EdGB gravity (at least within spherical symmetry) may be possible if the equations are appropriately treated as mixed type.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number084014
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 15 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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