Hyper Suprime-Cam Low Surface Brightness Galaxies. II. A Hubble Space Telescope Study of the Globular Cluster Systems of Ultradiffuse Galaxies in Groups

Jean J. Somalwar, Jenny E. Greene, Johnny P. Greco, Song Huang, Rachael L. Beaton, Andy D. Goulding, Lachlan Lancaster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We increase the sample of ultradiffuse galaxies (UDGs) in lower-density environments with characterized globular cluster (GC) populations using new Hubble Space Telescope observations of nine UDGs in group environments. While the bulk of our UDGs have GC abundances consistent with normal dwarf galaxies, two of these UDGs have excess GC populations. These two UDGs both have GC luminosity functions consistent with higher surface brightness galaxies and cluster UDGs. We then combine our nine objects with previous studies to create a catalog of UDGs with analyzed GC populations that spans a uniquely diverse range of environments. We use this catalog to examine broader trends in the GC populations of low stellar mass galaxies. The highest GC abundances are found in cluster UDGs, but whether cluster UDGs are actually more extreme requires the study of many more UDGs in groups. We find a possible positive correlation between GC abundance and stellar mass, and between GC abundance and galaxy size at fixed stellar mass. However, we see no significant relation between stellar mass and galaxy size, over our limited stellar mass range. We consider possible origins of the correlation between GC abundance and galaxy size, including the possibility that these two galaxy properties are both dependent on the galaxy dark matter halo, or that they are related through baryonic processes like internal feedback.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number45
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume902
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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