A new low temperature displacement mechanism for CO on the Pt(111) surface has been observed in the presence of high pressures of hydrogen (0.001 to 0.1 Torr H2). Temperature-programmed fluorescence yield near-edge spectroscopy (TP FYNES) was used to continuously monitor the CO coverage as a function of temperature both with and without hydrogen. For hydrogen pressures above 0.01 Torr, removal of CO begins at 130 K (Ed = 10.6 kcal/mol) instead of near the desorption temperature of 400 K (Ed = 26 kcal/mol). The large decrease in CO desorption energy appears to be caused by substantial repulsive interactions in the compressed monolayer induced by coadsorbed hydrogen. The new low temperature CO desorption channel appears to be caused by displacement of the compressed CO adlayer by coadsorbed hydrogen. In addition, the desorption activation energy for the main desorption channel of CO near 400 K is lowered by ~ 1 kcal/mol for hydrogen pressures in the 0.001 to 0.1 Torr range. These new results clearly emphasize the importance of in-situ methods capable of performing kinetic experiments at high pressures on well characterized adsorbed monolayers on single crystal surfaces. High coverages of coadsorbed hydrogen resulting from substantial overpressures may substantially modify desorption activation energies and thus coverages and kinetic pathways available even for strongly chemisorbed species. These phenomena may play an important role in surface reactions which occur at high pressure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry