Hydrogen and methanol. Production from biomass and use in fuel cell and internal combustion engine vehicles. A preliminary assessment

Mark A. DeLuchi, Eric D. Larson, Robert H. Williams

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

A systematic analysis is presented of the production of hydrogen and methanol from biomass, and the use of these fuels in fuel cell and internal combustion engine vehicles. Comparisons are made among these options and with gasoline-fueled internal combustion engine vehicles, with regard to performance, cost, and environmental and energy security impacts. It is found that the fuel cell vehicle options offer major energy security and environmental advantages and may well be able to compete with the gasoline-based internal combustion engine on a lifecycle cost basis, despite the prospect of higher biofuels costs and higher first costs for fuel cell vehicles. While the methanol fuel cell option is likely to be less costly than the hydrogen fuel cell option and to be easier to implement, the hydrogen fuel cell option offers much greater long-term energy security and environmental benefits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSolid Fuel Conversion for the Transportation Sector
EditorsAlex E.S. Green
PublisherPubl by ASME
Pages55-70
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)0791808254
StatePublished - Dec 1 1991
Event1991 International Joint Power Generation Conference - San Diego, CA, USA
Duration: Oct 6 1991Oct 10 1991

Publication series

NameAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fuels and Combustion Technologies Division (Publication) FACT
Volume12

Conference

Conference1991 International Joint Power Generation Conference
CitySan Diego, CA, USA
Period10/6/9110/10/91

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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    DeLuchi, M. A., Larson, E. D., & Williams, R. H. (1991). Hydrogen and methanol. Production from biomass and use in fuel cell and internal combustion engine vehicles. A preliminary assessment. In A. E. S. Green (Ed.), Solid Fuel Conversion for the Transportation Sector (pp. 55-70). (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fuels and Combustion Technologies Division (Publication) FACT; Vol. 12). Publ by ASME.