Hybrid monolithic 3-D IC floorplanner

Abdullah Guler, Niraj K. Jha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


With continued technology scaling, interconnects have become the bottleneck in further performance and power consumption improvements in modern microprocessors. 3-D integrated circuits (3-D ICs) provide a promising approach for alleviating this bottleneck and enabling higher performance while reducing the footprint area, wirelength, and overall power consumption. Among various 3-D IC solutions, monolithic 3-D ICs stand out as they can utilize the third dimension most efficiently owing to high-density monolithic intertier vias. Monolithic integration is possible at different levels of granularity: Block level, gate level, and transistor level. A hybrid monolithic design has modules implemented in different monolithic styles to further optimize the design objectives such as area, wirelength, and power consumption. However, a lack of electronic design automation tools makes the hybrid monolithic 3-D IC design quite challenging. In this paper, we introduce the first hybrid monolithic 3-D IC floorplanner. We characterize the OpenSPARC T2 processor core using different monolithic implementations and compare their footprint area, wirelength, power consumption, and temperature. We show, via simulations, that under the same timing constraint, a hybrid monolithic design offers 48.1% reduction in the footprint area and 14.6% reduction in power consumption compared to those of the 2-D design at the cost of higher power density and slightly higher temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8374061
Pages (from-to)1868-1880
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • -tree representation
  • FinFETs
  • T
  • hybrid 3-D floorplanner
  • monolithic 3-D integrated circuits (3-D ICs)


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