Hybrid high-temperature-superconductor-semiconductor tunnel diode

Alex Hayat, Parisa Zareapour, Shu Yang F. Zhao, Achint Jain, Igor G. Savelyev, Marina Blumin, Zhijun Xu, Alina Yang, G. D. Gu, Harry E. Ruda, Shuang Jia, R. J. Cava, Aephraim M. Steinberg, Kenneth S. Burch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


We report the demonstration of hybrid high-Tc-superconductor-semiconductor tunnel junctions, enabling new interdisciplinary directions in condensed matter research. The devices are fabricated by our newly developed mechanical-bonding technique, resulting in high-Tc-superconductor-semiconductor tunnel diodes. Tunneling-spectra characterization of the hybrid junctions of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ combined with bulk GaAs, or a GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well, exhibits excess voltage and nonlinearity, similarly to spectra obtained in scanning-tunneling microscopy, and is in good agreement with theoretical predictions for a d-wave-superconductor-normal-material junction. Additional junctions are demonstrated using Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ combined with graphite or Bi2Te3. Our results pave the way for new methods in unconventional superconductivity studies, novel materials, and quantum technology applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number041019
JournalPhysical Review X
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


  • Electronics
  • Semiconductor physics
  • Superconductivity


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