Mutations in the 5' control region of the rudimentary (r) gene of Drosophila melanogaster were generated by using hybrid dysgenesis to mobilize P elements that were already inserted within this region. Eighteen new mutations out of 7793 chromosomes were isolated. Among the mutations were small insertions, deletions and inversions. All five of the deletions deleted into the 5' coding region of the r gene resulting in a severe mutant phenotype. The inversions and small insertions left the coding region intact, but altered the 5' control region. Northern analyses of the message levels in adult females indicated that these mutations alter the amount of the wild-type rudimentary message. These data also indicated that there is a region about 800 bp upstream of the start of transcription which is necessary for normal r expression. This region is not involved with the temporal and spatial regulation of r gene expression, but with the quantitative expression. An analysis of the DNA changes associated with each of the mutations demonstrates that P elements usually mobilize in an imprecise manner. Of the 22 mutations that have been isolated to date, only three are precise excisions. This means that P elements are potent mutators of the genome.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||18|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1986|
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