Hurricane modification and adaptation in Miami-Dade County, Florida

Kelly Klima, Ning Lin, Kerry Emanuel, M. Granger Morgan, Iris Grossmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigate tropical cyclone wind and storm surge damage reduction for five areas along the Miami-Dade County coastline either by hardening buildings or by the hypothetical application of wind-wave pumps to modify storms. We calculate surge height and wind speed as functions of return period and sea surface temperature reduction by wind-wave pumps. We then estimate costs and economic losses with the FEMA HAZUS-MH MR3 damage model and census data on property at risk. All areas experience more surge damages for short return periods, and more wind damages for long periods. The return period at which the dominating hazard component switches depends on location. We also calculate the seasonal expected fraction of control damage for different scenarios to reduce damages. Surge damages are best reduced through a surge barrier. Wind damages are best reduced by a portfolio of techniques that, assuming they work and are correctly deployed, include wind-wave pumps.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)636-642
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 17 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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