Human PIF helicase is cell cycle regulated and associates with telomerase

Maria K. Mateyak, Virginia A. Zakian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

The evolutionarily conserved PIF1 DNA helicase family is important for the maintenance of genome stability in the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. There are two PIF1 family helicases in S. cerevisiae, Pif1p and Rrm3p that both possess 5′ → 3′ DNA helicase activity but maintain unique functions in telomerase regulation and semi-conservative DNA replication. Database analysis shows that the PIF1 helicase family is represented by a single homologue in higher eukaryotes. To analyze the function of PIF1 homologues in mammals, we cloned the full length human PIF (hPIF) cDNA. Comparison of hPIF with its S. cerevisiae homologues showed that human PIF is equally similar to Pif1p and Rrm3p. Human PIF was expressed at low levels in a variety of tissues and immunofluorescence analysis showed that ectopic hPIF was localized to nuclear foci. hPIF was expressed in late S/G2 phase of the cell cycle and this cell cycle regulated abundance was conferred by both cell cycle regulated mRNA accumulation and ubiquitin-mediated degradation. Furthermore, hPIF is likely a target of the anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome as its abundance was decreased when an activator of the APC/C was overexpressed. Finally, antibodies against hPIF immunoprecipitated telomerase activity from human cell lines, and we have observed a physical interaction between hPIF and the catalytic subunit of telomerase, hTERT. Our data suggest that human PIF, like S. cerevisiae Pif1p, plays a role in telomerase regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2796-2804
Number of pages9
JournalCell Cycle
Volume5
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

Keywords

  • APC/C
  • Cell cycle
  • DNA helicase
  • Pif1p
  • Telomerase
  • Telomeres

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