Human cytomegalovirus-infected fibroblasts are resistant to the induction of apoptosis by superinfection with a mutant adenovirus unable to produce the viral E1B 19-kDa protein that normally causes an E1A protein-mediated apoptotic response. Two cytomegalovirus gene products that block apoptosis were identified. The IE1 and IE2 proteins each inhibit the induction of apoptosis by tumor necrosis factor α or by the E1B 19-kDa-protein-deficient adenovirus but not by irradiation with UV light. Our results suggest a new physiological role for the IE1 and IE2 proteins in the human cytomegalovirus replication cycle.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Insect Science